- EuroFoods name: VITD
- Measurement unit: microgram, µg
- Group: Vitamins
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is required to the formation of bone and teeth. It regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Part of the vitamin D is derived from food and part of it is produced in the skin because of exposure to sunlight. Main sources are fatty fish, fortified dairy products, margarine and vegetable fat spreads. In addition, vitamin D supplements are a very important source of vitamin D in Finland. Supplements are recommended for children, youngsters, over 60 year olds and to women that are pregnant or breastfeeding, because the intake has been inadequate among these groups. Vitamin deficiency can cause rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. Vitamin D can be expressed also as international units (IU, 1 µg = 40 IU).
Foods containing most and least